The literal meaning of paraphrasing is to use an individual’s ideas to add more weightage to one’s own work. In paraphrasing, one rewrite passages, sentences and words while keeping the same meaning of the content.
While paraphrasing, we should avoid using too many direct quotes as it reduces the credibility of the paper and makes the paper more or less like the original author’s paper. It does not display any personal knowledge of the writer as well as loose the freshness of words or sentences. If paraphrasing is done properly without bearing much resemblance to the original text, it is usually more concise and readable.
Paraphrasing should not be restricted by quotation marks and simply changing a few words or sentences here and there is not deemed as paraphrasing. In fact, it is plagiarism that can be offensive and has severe consequences.
In a sentence, paraphrasing is rephrasing a passage with different words and structure while keeping the same meaning along with proper citations.