Quoting and Paraphrasing
Often someone needs help from another author’s work is known as quoting. Most of the time, this is done for reasons of scientific research. This is done to use a reference to the work of a scientist as a reference point and to advance the study. It helps our knowledge to grow and reach new heights every day.
To refrain from so-called plagiarism, which steals work, there are quotation and paraphrasing skills. Quotation and paraphrasing are ways to use someone else’s work without being called plagiarism.
However, when building on the work of others, you need to be careful not to plagiarize: “steal and give (someone else’s words and ideas) as your own” or “present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source ”.
Quoting can be defined as the borrowing of text by copying the text of someone else’s work and inserting the copied content into one’s own text. Quoting require citations from the original source. The copied material is called a quote. Shorter quotes are in quotation marks such as:
“Always remember that your own determination to succeed is more important than anything else,” by Abraham Lincoln.
Longer quotes are identified by their indentation in the left margin. The main features of these quotes are:
- Quotation marks copy the original text.
- The quotes are short and represent the most impressive segment of the original work.
- Quotations are always accompanied by the original quotation from the source.
- Quotations should be enclosed in quotation marks.
Quotation is a tool to highlight the meaning, clarify or support the text that is placed in quotation marks. It is used to provide information about the quoted work, whether it is positive or negative. The quotations always implies due respect for the author of the work and respect for copyright laws. They are borrowed for examination.
Some famous quotes are used as a means of inspiration and evoke deep thinking on the part of the reader.
To paraphrase is to copy another author’s thought and put it in your own words. It is a summary of what you have heard, read or seen somewhere in your own writing style. What you are paraphrasing is your own work with the original idea borrowed from someone else.
Paraphrasing does not involve the use of quotation marks. Also, it does:
- not mean copying citations;
- involve taking the original idea and putting it into your own words;
- not intend to change the original meaning of the text;
- accompany by the citation of the original source; and
- have a slightly compressed text compared to the original work.
When paraphrasing, keep in mind that too many words and phrases are not taken from the original text.
Paraphrases and quotes should be used and interwoven for effective and stimulating work. Quotations should only be used sparingly in the text.
How to avoid plagiarism?
When using sources in your documents, you can avoid plagiarism if you know what needs to be documented. Hire expert from Paraphrasing UK to avoid plagiarism when quoting in text.
Quoting vs. Paraphrasing – Explanation
Should I paraphrase or quote?
Generally, use direct quotes only if you have a good reason. Most of your work should be in your own words. It is also often necessary to quote the sources in more detail when writing a humanities paper and to summarize the sources when writing a natural or social sciences paper, but there are always exceptions.
In a literary analysis paper, for example, you will want to quote the literary text rather than summarize it, because part of your job in this type of paper is to analyze the specific words and phrases that an author uses.
In research papers, you need to quote a source:
- to show that an authority supports your point of view;
- to present a position or argument to criticize or comment;
- to include language that is particularly emotional or historically significant; and
- to present a particularly well-formulated passage whose meaning would be lost or altered if it were paraphrased or summarized.
You need to summarise or paraphrase when:
- you want the idea expressed in a source, not the specific language used to express it.
- you can express in a few words what is the key point of a source.
How to paraphrase a source?
- When reading a passage, first try to understand it as a whole, instead of stopping to write down certain ideas or sentences;
- Be selective. Unless your task is to paraphrase formally or “textually,” you generally don’t need to paraphrase an entire passage; Instead, choose and summarize the material that will help you make a point in your work;
- Think of it as “your own words” if you told someone who didn’t know your subject (your mother, your brother, a friend) what the original source said; and
- Remember that you can use direct quotation marks from the original sentences in your paraphrase, and you do not need to edit or put quotation marks around the shared language.
Look at the font, then write
Read the text you want to paraphrase several times until you feel you understand it, and you can use your own words to repeat it to someone else. Then look at the original and rewrite the text in your own words.
Take short notes, put the notes aside then paraphrase the notes a day later or when you write.
If you find that you cannot do A or B, it may mean that you do not fully understand the passage or that you need to use a more structured process until you have more experience in paraphrasing.
The above mentioned method is not only a way to create a paraphrase but also a way to understand a difficult text.